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Commercial Waxes, Second Edition



 
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Product Code: 9780820601564

Description
 


ISBN-13/EAN: 9780820601564
ISBN: 082060156X
Author: H. Bennett
Chemical Publishing
Book - Hardback
Pub Date: Jul 28, 2011
692 pages
Features

Contents -

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION -

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION -

INTRODUCTION -

ABBREVIATIONS -

1. NATURAL WAXES -

Mineral Waxes:  Paraffin Wax;  Microcrystalline Waxes;  Petrolatum Wax;  Ozokerite;  Ceresin;  Utah Wax; Montan Wax -
Vegetable Waxes: Botanical Origin of Waxes -
Solubility of Vegetable Waxes -  
Carnauba Wax -
Flower Wax -  
First Wax -  
Medium Wax -  
Sandy Wax -  Fat Wax -
Candelilla Wax -  
Japan Wax -  
Ucuhuba Wax -  
Bayberry Wax -  
Ouricury Wax -  
Cocoa Butter -  
Fiber Wax -  
Fir-Bark Wax -  
Cotton Wax -  
Flax Wax -  
Sugar-Cane Wax  -  
Rice-Oil Wax -  
Animal Waxes: Spermaceti -
Insect Waxes: Beeswax -

2. MANUFACTURED AND SYNTHETIC WAXES -

Fatty Alcohols:  Cetyl Alcohol;  Lanette Wax;  Technical Stearyl Alcohol -  
Fatty Acids:  Stearic Acid;  Palmitic Acid;  Myristic Acid;  Distilled Fatty Acids;  Solubility of Fatty Acids - Polyglycols:  Carbowaxes -  
Polyhydric Alcohol Fatty Acid Esters:  Glyceryl Stearates -  
Glycol Fatty-Acid Esters -  
Sorbitol Stearates -  
Pentawaxes -  
Hydrogenated Oils: Opalwax -  
Chlorinated Naphthalenes: Halowax;  Seekay Wax -   
Acrawaxes: Acrawax B;  Acrawax C. -
I. G. Waxes -  
Miscellaneous Synthetic Waxes -

COMMERCIAL WAXES -
Albacer -
Diolin-
Flexo Wax -
C-Glyco Waxes-  
Stroba Wax -
Ketones, Amines, Amides, and Nitriles-  
16-Hentriacontanone -
Octadecyl-Hexadecyl Amine -
Octadecylamine-
Armids-  
Octadecanamide-Hexadecanamide -  
Octadecane Nitrile-Octadecane-Hexadecane Nitrile -  
Santowaxes -
Santowax R -
Alcowaxes -  
Alcowax-M -  
Alcowax-G -

3. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF WAXES AND WAX COMPOSITIONS -

Increasing the Viscosity of Molten Waxes -
Penetration -
Surface Tension of Waxes -
Adhesiveness -  
Increasing Compatibility -
Raising the Melting Point of Waxes: Raising the Melting Point of Petrolatum -  
Effects of a Wax Sizing on the Moisture Absorption of Insulating Board -
Pliolite-Paraffin Wax Compositions -
Specific Heat of Petroleum Waxes -
Melting Points of Binary Wax Mixtures -  
Solubility of Waxes: Solubility of Waxes in Different Solvents -
Compatibility of Paraffin Waxes with Other Substances -
Compatibility of Mixed Fatty Acids -
Compounded Waxes -
Wax-Rosin Compositions -
Cumar and Wax Compositions -
Compatibility of Varnish Resins with Waxes -
Resin-Wax Combinations -
Methacrylate Resin Hot-Melt Blends -   
Methods of Preparing Mixtures of Waxes with Ethyl Cellulose: Use of Incompatible Substances -
Compounding Ethyl Cellulose with Incompatible Substances -  
Melting Point and Congealing Point of Various Waxes -   
Melting Points of Binary and Trinary Wax Mixtures -   
The Effect of Composition on the Specific Gravity of Binary Wax Mixtures -   

4. WAX TECHNOLOGY -

Adulteration -
Quality Variations Simple Tests: Melting Point -
Specific Gravity -
Moisture and Insoluble Matter -  
Accurate Determination of Specific Gravity:  Preparation of Sample -
Determination of Specific Gravity at 25/25°C -
Identification of Mixed Waxes:  Schematic Outline for Identification -
Separation and Comparison of the Properties of the Wax Components -
Spermaceti -
Beeswax -
Carnauba Wax -
Candelilla Wax -
Montan Wax -
Paraffin Wax -
Ozokerite -
Rosin -
Stearic Acid -
Cetyl Alcohol -  
Ratio Numbers of Waxes -
Detecting Wax Additives -
Odor and Taste -
The Melting of Waxes -
Commercial Wax Solutions: Solvents for Waxes or Waxlike Substances -
Solvent-Wax Compositions -
Solvent Retention of Waxes -
Faulty Solvent-Wax Compositions -
Filling Containers with Wax Composition -
United States Government Specifications for Solvent -
Wax Compositions -
Coloring Waxes -
Emulsions -
Formulation -
Methods of Emulsification -

5. WAXES IN INDUSTRY -

Dental Waxes:  Method of Producing Base-Plate Wax -  
Lipsticks -
Pharmaceutical Preparations -
Embalming Preparations -
Pyrotechnics -
Candles:  Wicks-
Winding-
Candle Sizes -
Machinery -
Wax Candles -
Paraffin Candles -
Temperature Control-Colors, Sizes, and Shapes -
Standard Candle -
Melting Point of Wax Mixtures -
Congealing Point of Candles -
Leather Finishes -
Paper Finishes -
Waterproofing Kraft Papers -  
Evaluation of Waxes for Paper Board:  Stain and Flow Test at 130°F -
Softening and Melting Point -
Flexibility and Strength -
Viscosity -
Surface Tension -
Permeability -
Degree of Impregnation -
Effect of Wax on the Strength of Board -
Electrolyte Penetration Test -
Water Absorption -
Adhesives -
Foil Coatings -
Paraffin Wax -
Polyethylene Packaging -
Waxed Paper -
Hot Melt Coatings -
Tropical Waxed Paper -
Physical Properties of the Wax -
Properties of Blend -
Nonsticking Coatings -  
Textile Processing:  Sizing -
Printing -
Finishing -
Yarn Finishes -
Waterproofing -
Textile Applications of Synthetic Waxes -  
Textile Printing -
Protective and Decorative Coatings -
Antidim Coatings:  Antidim Coating Formulation -
Rubber -
Plastic Molding -  
Electroplating -
Electrolytic Condensers -
Wax Coatings for Fruits, Shrubs and Plants -
Photomechanics -
Polishes -
Floor Polishes -
Saponified Shoe Cream:  Manufacture of Saponified Creams -
Rubless Emulsion Polishes -
Printing Inks -
Fluorescence of Waxes -
Coloring Waxes -
Carbon Paper Ink Compositions:  Effect of Various Percentages of Paraffin Wax on Esparto-Montan Mixtures - Stencils -
Carbon-Paper Inks:  Solubility of Common Waxes Used -
Wetting Qualities of Natural Waxes -

6. GLOSSARY - SPECIAL TABLES  AND SUBSTITUTES

7. WAX FORMULARY -

Adhesives and Cements -
Agricultural and Garden Specialties -
Building Materials-  
Carbon Paper, Inks, and Crayons -
Cosmetics and Medicinal Preparations -
Dental Preparations -
Emulsions -
Food Products -
Leather and Furs -
Metal Treatment -
Miscellaneous -
Paper -
Photography -
Polishes and Abrasives -
Protective and Decorative Coatings -
Soaps and Cleaners -
Textile Compounds -
Waterproofing -

INDEX

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