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Distillation and Rectification



 
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Product Code: 9780820600185

Description
 


ISBN-13/EAN: 9780820600185
ISBN: 0820600180
Author: Emil Kirschbaum
Chemical Publishing
Book - Hardback
Pub Date: Feb 4, 1948
444 Pages
Features

Contents - 

A. Fundamentals -  

B. Theory -  
I. Units  - 
II. Interrelation between vapor concentration and partial pressure of vapor in multicomponent mixtures - 
III. Equilibrium of boiling multicomponent mixtures -  
IV. Partial condensation of mixtures - 
V. Heat of evaporation of mixtures - 

C. Separation of liquids by simple distillation; the simple pot still - 
I. Data for computation  - 
II. Design of kettle stills - 
III. Separation by distillation and partial condensation - 

D. The rectifying column -  
I. Effect of rectifying plates  - 
II. Hookup of reflux condensers -  
III. Layout of a batch-type distillation unit  - 
IV. Computation of the number of plates for a batch type distillation unit -  
V. Minimum reflux ratio and actual reflux ratio for batch-type rectifiers - 
VI. The rectification mechanism on interchanger plates - 
VII. Heat consumption and reboil heat for a pot still and rectifying column - 

E. Continuous distilling equipment having rectifying and stripping sections - 
I. Determination of the number of plates - 
II. Minimum reflux ratio of a continuous rectifying unit for separating binary mixtures -  
III. The actual reflux ratio of a continuous rectifying unit -  
IV. Mass-concentration interrelations  - 
V. Heat requirements  - 
VI. Reduction of heat requirements -  
VII. Layout of continuous rectifying equipment for handling binary mixtures - 
VII I. Special cases - 
IX. Location of the feed point - 
X. Heat losses - 
XI. Variation of the molar heat of evaporation in the interchanger column - 

F. Treatment of rectification using enthalpy-concentration diagrams - 
I. The rectifying column - 
II. The continuous rectifying unit - 

G. Separating mixtures containing more than two components - 
I. Eliminating small amounts of certain components in a mixture - 
II. Separation of ideal ternary mixtures - 
III. Number of rectifying columns required to separate multicomponent mixtures and their hookup - 
IV. Rectifying ideal mixtures of more than three components - 

H. Determining the dimensions of rectifying columns with interchanger plates; plate efficiency - 
I. Cap-type and tunnel-type plates - 
II. Sieve plates - 
III. Comparison of cap-type and sieve-type plates - 
IV. Influence of the direction of flow of the phases on the rectification effect of a plate; liquid mixing, vapor mixing, counterflow arid parallel flow - 
V. Rectifying plate design - 

J. Rectification in packed columns - 
I. General remarks - 
II. Determining the column height by means of the corresponding theoretical plate number; different types of packings - 
III. Determination of column height from the heat transmission coefficient between phases; liquid distribution within the column - 
IV. Pressure loss in packed columns - 

K. Details - 
I. Heat exchangers - 
II. Control equipment - 

L. Molecular distillation - 

M. Appendix - 
I. Equilibrium data for binary mixtures - 
II. Heats of evaporation of various materials at • 760 mm Hg - 
III. Specific heats and specific weights of liquids - 
IV. Molecular weights - 
V. Conversion tables - 

N. Review by the translator of progress made since the original publication - 
Index -


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